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DKIM is a security measure targeting email spoofing. It is greatly recommended one activates it.


See the Wikipedia page for more details on DKIM.

Enabling DKIM Signature

To enable DKIM signature, you must have created at least one email account. Once its done, just run the following command to generate the signature:

./ config dkim

After generating DKIM keys, you should restart the mail server. DNS edits may take a few minutes to hours to propagate. The script assumes you're being in the directory where the config/ directory is located. The default keysize when generating the signature is 4096 bits for now. If you need to change it (e.g. your DNS provider limits the size), then provide the size as the first parameter of the command:

./ config dkim keysize <keysize>

For LDAP systems that do not have any directly created user account you can run the following command (since 8.0.0) to generate the signature by additionally providing the desired domain name (if you have multiple domains use the command multiple times or provide a comma-separated list of domains):

./ config dkim keysize <key-size> domain <domain.tld>[,<domain2.tld>]

Now the keys are generated, you can configure your DNS server with DKIM signature, simply by adding a TXT record. If you have direct access to your DNS zone file, then it's only a matter of pasting the content of config/opendkim/keys/domain.tld/mail.txt in your domain.tld.hosts zone.

$ dig mail._domainkey.domain.tld TXT

Configuration using a Web Interface

  1. Generate a new record of the type TXT.
  2. Paste mail._domainkey the Name txt field.
  3. In the Target or Value field fill in v=DKIM1; k=rsa; p=AZERTYUGHJKLMWX....
  4. In TTL (time to live): Time span in seconds. How long the DNS server should cache the TXT record.
  5. Save.


Sometimes the key in config/opendkim/keys/domain.tld/mail.txt can be on multiple lines. If so then you need to concatenate the values in the TXT record:

$ dig mail._domainkey.domain.tld TXT
mail._domainkey.<DOMAIN> 300 IN TXT "v=DKIM1; k=rsa; "

The target (or value) field must then have all the parts together: v=DKIM1; k=rsa; p=AZERTYUIOPQSDF...asdfQWERTYUIOPQSDF...


If you want DKIM to only verify incoming emails, the following version of /etc/opendkim.conf may be useful (right now there is no easy mechanism for installing it other than forking the repo):

# This is a simple config file verifying messages only

#LogWhy                 yes
Syslog                  yes
SyslogSuccess           yes

Socket                  inet:12301@localhost
PidFile                 /var/run/opendkim/

SendReports             yes

Mode                    v

Switch Off DKIM

Simply remove the DKIM key by recreating (not just relaunching) the mailserver container.


  • DKIM-verifer: A add-on for the mail client Thunderbird.
  • You can debug your TXT records with the dig tool.
$ dig TXT mail._domainkey.domain.tld
; <<>> DiG 9.10.3-P4-Debian <<>> TXT mail._domainkey.domain.tld
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 39669
;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 1

; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 512
;mail._domainkey.domain.tld. IN TXT

mail._domainkey.domain.tld. 3600 IN TXT "v=DKIM1; k=rsa; p=MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQCxBSjG6RnWAdU3oOlqsdf2WC0FOUmU8uHVrzxPLW2R3yRBPGLrGO1++yy3tv6kMieWZwEBHVOdefM6uQOQsZ4brahu9lhG8sFLPX4MaKYN/NR6RK4gdjrZu+MYSdfk3THgSbNwIDAQAB"

;; Query time: 50 msec
;; WHEN: Wed Sep 07 18:22:57 CEST 2016
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 310

Key sizes >=4096-bit

Keys of 4096 bits could de denied by some mailservers. According to keys are preferably between 512 and 2048 bits. See issue #1854.